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 story : Beginnings of a new era of Hyderabad State #IndiaNEWS #Education Today Hyderabad: This article is in continuation to the last article on Salar Jung reforms and modernisation of Hyderabad State focusing

@IndiaNEWS 11 Days ago

Posted in: #IndiaNEWS #Education

Beginnings of a new era of Hyderabad State #IndiaNEWS #Education Today
Hyderabad: This article is in continuation to the last article on Salar Jung reforms and modernisation of Hyderabad State focusing on Railways, Communication and Coal Mines.
The Salar Jung reforms, in terms of reorganisation of administrative structure, infrastructural development, changes in socio-economic system, and innovative policies, played a crucial role for the development of modern industry. The beginnings of industrialisation and modernisation in Hyderabad State were made during the last quarter of the 19th century.
In the 1850s the construction of modern railways began in British India, but a decade later, in June 1861, the Bombay government took up the question of instituting a survey from Sholapur to Hyderabad. After considerable discussion, the Government of India decided in 1864, with approval of the Secretary of State, that the trunk lines connecting Bombay and Madras should pass through Gulburga, Raichur and Gooty.
The beginnings of modern railway system in the Hyderabad State can be traced back to the year 1862, when the Government of India ordered the construction of a railroad from Sholapur to Hyderabad.
The Nizam’s Government was prepared to construct the line as a “State affair? or in financial partnership with the Government of India. In 1864, the Resident wrote to the Secretary, Bombay Government, requesting the details of the land required for railways. After detailed consultation for about two years, finally, the Nizam agreed for the construction of railway line between Wadi and Secunderabad. In 1869, a line was surveyed from Gulbarga to Hyderabad by the GIP Railway Company and a year later, Salar Jung sanctioned the construction of a railway line from Gulbarga to Hyderabad.
The Nizam’s Government agreed to give the land free, grant jurisdiction over the line to officers appointed by the British Government. The final memorandum provided for the allotment of one million British rupees by the Nizam Government for construction, maintenance and working of the railway. The British Resident was put in charge of the railway construction and the administrative control rested with the Resident. The Railway was regarded as the property of the Nizam Government, which provided funds for construction and received profits derived from its working. The first section of the line from Wadi to Secunderabad, 115. 75 miles, was opened on October 9, 1874.
The Great Indian Peninsula Railway Company (GIP) managed the line from 1874-1878 with its own rolling stock. At the sole cost of Rs 2 crore, the Nizams constructed the railway line between Hyderabad and Bombay. The Broad Gauge was preferred for the Wadi-Secunderabad line, because it was considered desirable to work it through the agency of the GIP railway company.


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